Magistracy
Speciality Code:
7M05313
Speciality Name:
Nuclear physics
Faculty:
of Physics and Technology
 Model of graduating student
 Mandatory disciplines
 Elective disciplines
 Professional

Master’s dissertation preparation and defense (MDPaD)
 Number of credits: 12
 Type of control: Master Dissertation
 Description: The main purpose of "The implementation of a Master Thesis": the formation of master students in preparation for the defense of the thesis for the Master in specialty (by industry). During the study of course, master student's should be competent in: 1. demonstrate the progress of solving problems arising in the course of research activities and requiring indepth professional knowledge; 2. to argue for carrying out theoretical or experimental research within the framework of the tasks, including a mathematical (simulation) experiment; 3. can choose the necessary research methods, modify existing methods and develop new methods, based on the tasks of the specific study; 4. to use foreign languages for independent work on normative sources and scientific literature; 5. formulate the goals and objectives of the dissertation research, determine the scientific novelty and practical significance of the results of research activities; to develop a structurally methodological scheme for performing research.

Nuclear fission
 Number of credits: 5
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to research the processes of splitting of atomic nuclei under the action of radiation. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. classify the nuclear division: spontaneous or induced and determine the mechanisms of nuclear fission; 2. choose modern methods of calculations of dividing characteristics; 3. use the main experimental data on nuclear fission for the development of modernized detection systems; 4. critically estimate the fraction of spontaneous fission for different isotopes; 5. plan and prepare the experiment on beams of accelerators, neutron beams. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: study of the shape and properties of atomic nuclei in superdeformed states; surface potential energy of fissioning nuclei; spontaneous nuclear fission in the ground state; division mechanism; fission cross sections of atomic nuclei; deformation energy and fission barriers of heavy nuclei; height of the fission barrier; fission products; practical application of the mechanism of nuclear fission.

Foreign language in the field of professional communication
 Number of credits: 5
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The aim of the course is acquisition and improvement of competencies in accordance with the international standards of foreign language education, which allows to use a foreign language as a means of communication in the intercultural, professional and scientific activities of the future specialist. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. participate in new activities and integrate new information into an existing knowledge system; 2. use oral and written statements to perform specific functions; 3. analyze, summarize and systematize scientific information; set a research goal and choose the best ways and methods to achieve it. 4. interact effectively in society in everyday life and in the professional sphere; 5. reasonably defend their point of view in the discussing professional and nonprofessional topics.

Technique of Nuclear Physics Experiments
 Number of credits: 5
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to develop a methodology for the experiment and carry out measurements with nuclear physics instruments. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. determine the methods for processing experimental data, estimating the experimental errors, and calculating the characteristics of radiation fields; 2. conduct estimated and engineering calculations of the results of nuclear experiments; 3. qualitatively choose and use recording equipment for conducting nuclearphysical experiments and environmental monitoring; 4. distinguish the methods for conducting radiometric and spectrometric measurements when performing nuclearphysical measurements; 5. plan and prepare experiments in the field of nuclear physics, nuclear medicine and radioecology, taking into account the safe operation of nuclear physical equipment. Purpose of discipline. The discipline " Technique of Nuclear Physics Experiments " is aimed at the formation of knowledge, skills, abilities and skills in the field of nuclear physics for master students, necessary for the production, research and project activities of a specialist; In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: ionization energy loss; radiation loss of energy; particle scattering; the mileage  energy ratio; the interaction of gamma rays with a substance; nuclear electronics; ionization chambers; proportional counters; scintillation counters; Cherenkov counters; semiconductor detectors; multiwire detectors; ionizing radiation spectrometry; probabilities of nuclear processes; particle identification methods; correlation measurements; measurement of excitation functions; features of experiments on radioactive beams.

Models of Nuclei
 Number of credits: 5
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose is to form the ability to research the physical laws of the processes occurring in various models of nuclei. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. determine the quantum characteristics of nuclei using various nuclear models; 2. to interpret the basic models of atomic nuclei, their fields of application and their justification; basic characteristics of the ground and excited states of atomic nuclei; 3. calculate the thresholds of various endothermic nuclear processes, starting from the concept of a relativistic invariant; 4. compare nuclear models for the analysis of experimental data on the structure and form of nuclei; 5. plan and carry out experiments to prove the existence of a multicluster model of nuclei on beams of Kazakhstan accelerators. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: nucleon nucleus model; types of nuclear wave functions; parity of nuclear states; types of nuclear wave functions; isotopic spin of atomic nuclei; excited states of nuclei; interaction potential; possible states of a twonucleon system; shell model of the core; generalized kernel model; optical model of the core; static model and thermodynamic properties of nuclei; quasicrystal model; multicluster core model.

Neutron optics and neutron diffraction fundamentals
 Number of credits: 5
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to apply neutron beams in nuclear physics and related fields of science and technology. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. determine the types of interaction of neutrons with matter; 2. select neutron measurement methods and build protection against neutron radiation for personnel; 3. calculate the cross sections for the interaction of neutrons and the substances under study in materials science, biology and chemistry; 4. measure the neutrino spectra under various experimental conditions; 5. plan and organize the performance of experiments on the measurement of material defects using neutron radiation fluxes. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: neutron properties; energy classification of neutrons; neutron sources; neutron interactions with matter; methods for producing free neutrons; nuclear fission by neutrons; deceleration, neutron diffusion; radiation detection methods; scintillation spectrometry; nuclear radiation spectrometry.

Organization and planning of scientific research
 Number of credits: 5
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to reasonably explain the theoretical and methodological foundations of the organization and conduct of the scientific and pedagogical experiment. As a result of studying the discipline a student will be able to 1. to interpret the basic provisions of the scientific and practical foundations of the organization’s methodology in English and research planning; 2. to classify the methods of experimental and theoretical research; 3. justify the choice of research method for a specific physical problem; 4. develop best practices for conducting research; 5. formulate conclusions in English based on the results of the study. When studying the discipline, the following aspects will be considered: the classification of scientific and pedagogical research, the selection of the most popular ones; technology planning and organization of scientific and pedagogical experiment; evaluation of research results.

Pedagogy of higher education
 Number of credits: 5
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of disciplinemastering the basics of professional and pedagogical culture of higher school teacher, the formation of competencies, skills and teaching activities in universities and colleges. The following issues are studied: the role of pedagogical science in the system of Sciences; the system of higher professional education in Kazakhstan; methodology of pedagogical science; didactics of higher education; design of TLAstrategy of education, the use of traditional and innovative methods and forms of education.

Psychology of management
 Number of credits: 3
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to provide scientific training for highly qualified specialists on the basis of studying the fundamental concepts of management psychology, capable of understanding the current state of the theory and practice of management psychology in an amount optimal for use in subsequent professional activities; apply and describe psychological methods of studying individuals and social groups (communities) in order to increase management efficiency;

Philosophical questions of natural science
 Number of credits: 3
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to develop in the undergraduates an indepth understanding of the modern philosophy of science as a system of scientific knowledge of a particular type, which includes the main philosophical and methodological problems in their rational theoretical understanding. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. to determine the features of science as a special kind of knowledge, activity and social institution; 2. to systematize the main problems and discussions on methods and strategies for conducting scientific research and the laws governing the development of science; 3. choose the methods and strategies of research most relevant to the subject under study and follow them in professional activity; 4. critically evaluate current scientific achievements and orientate in choosing the most effective strategies for interdisciplinary search; 5. formulate and correctly argue their own ethical position in relation to the current problems of the current stage of development of science. The discipline "Philosophical questions of natural science" is aimed at shaping the future specialists ability to independent critical thinking and understanding of key worldview concepts In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: the subject of history and philosophy of science, the worldview foundations of science, the functions of science, the emergence and formation of science. Science in the Ancient World, Middle Ages and in the Renaissance, New European Science  the classical stage of the development of science, Basic concepts and directions of the nonclassical and postnonclassical stage of the development of science, Structure and levels of scientific knowledge, Science as a profession. Ideals and norms of science, Philosophical foundations of science and the scientific picture of the world, Scientific traditions and scientific revolutions, History and philosophy of natural and technical sciences, History and philosophy of social and human sciences, Philosophical problems of development of modern global civilization.

Quantum Theory of ManyBody Systems
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to develop the ability to research multiparticle quantum systems. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. interpret the basic concepts and laws of quantum mechanics and statistical physics as applied to manyparticle systems; 2. interpret quantumstatistical phenomena using the appropriate theoretical apparatus; 3. apply chart technology; solve the Dyson equation; perform chart summation; 4. critically evaluate the use of Green's function methods for studying the physical properties of multiparticle systems; 5. choose methods and techniques for obtaining and calculating the basic parameters and characteristics of various quantumstatistical systems. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: the law of conservation of the total momentum of the microparticle system; approximate methods for solving quantum theories; Liouville equations; chain of Bogolyubov equations; Feynman diagram methods; Dyson equation; KleinGordon equation; HartreeFock approximation; secondary quantization; Green function of interacting particles; statistical averaging methods in nuclear physics.

Quantum Chromodynamics
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to describe various processes of hadron physics in the field of modern physics of elementary particles. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. determine the Lagrangian of quantum chromodynamics; 2. interpret the parton model, port distribution functions and fragmentation functions; 3. analyze the features of the description of the processes of strong interaction in a timelike region; 4. distinguish the method of dispersion relations and the method of sum rules in quantum chromodynamics; 5. compare the technique for describing hadrons, mesons, and topological nontrivial field configurations. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: basics of quantum chromodynamics, like quantum nonabelian field theory; theoretical description of the processes of strong interaction at high energies in the framework of perturbation theory; Lagrangian QCD; gauge invariance; renormalization in QCD; deep inelastic scattering processes.

Nucleosynthesis in the Universe
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to extract the nuclear constants necessary for understanding the scenarios of stellar evolution, as well as to calculate the probability of thermonuclear reactions for energy. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. identify the main nuclear reactions occurring in the synthesis of nuclei (nucleosynthesis); 2. choose the most suitable method for searching for solar neutrinos; 3. simulate the processes of nucleosynthesis in experiments on accelerator beams; 4. analyze the main phenomena and processes in celestial bodies, to perform numerical estimates, and to give a scientific explanation; 5. plan and prepare experiments to search for neutrinos and experiments on beams of accelerators. Purpose of discipline. The discipline "Nucleosynthesis in the Universe" is aimed at obtaining master students knowledge of the current state of nuclear astrophysics and nucleosynthesis. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: nuclear abundance; nuclear reactions in stars; main characteristics of stars; protonproton chain; CNO cycle; search for solar neutrinos; astrophysical Sfactor; helium burning; red giants; reactions under the action of neutrons sprocess / rprocess; nucleosynthesis in supernovae.

Instruments and equipment of nuclear experiment
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to use the fundamentals of physics and technology of accelerators, detectors and other nuclearphysical equipment for professional activities in the field of nuclear physics and related fields of science and technology. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. carry out transportation of beams of charged particles, their separation, analysis and detection; 2. determine the technical, information and software features of building automation systems for experiments for installations used in the field of nuclear physics; 3. choose methods and means for processing experimental data; 4. use modern instruments for receiving and processing experimental data; 5. plan and prepare experiments in the field of nuclear physics using modern detectors, analyzers, sources of charged particles. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: the properties of charged particle beams produced by various accelerators, as well as the properties of gammaradiation and neutron fluxes from different sources; systems of mathematical programs for the collection, accumulation, processing and analysis of physical results; geometric reconstruction of particle tracks; modern measuring installations of nuclear physics; charged particle accelerators; analyzers and separators of reaction products; nuclear radiation sources; detectors

Physics of nucleons and elementary particles
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to research the structure of matter, fundamental interactions and elementary particles. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. classify elementary particles and their reactions by quantum numbers; 2. classify different kinds of reactions with elementary particles; 3. use "invariant masses" for kinematic calculations; 4. use relativistic kinematics to calculate products of various reactions and decomposition of elementary particles; 5. chart reaction diagrams (Feynman diagrams). When studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: Standard model of elementary particles; elementary particles  carriers of interaction; types of fundamental interactions; elementary particles of matter: leptons and hadrons; observation, registration and production of elementary particles; research methods in nuclear and particle physics; conservation laws in elementary particle physics; reactions and decays of elementary particles; energy reactions and decays; hadron structure; quarks, their properties; isotopic symmetry and charge multiplets; perturbation theory; Feynman diagrams; modern trends in elementary particle physics; Unresolved issues in particle physics and prospects for future research/discoveries.

Numerical Methods for Nuclear Theory
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose is to form the ability to develop algorithms for solving physical equations and perform calculations with modern computer packages and programs. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. determine the methods and algorithms of mathematical physics used in professional activity; basic types of equations of mathematical physics; basic theorems and propositions of mathematical physics; 2. analyze models and dependencies describing the behavior of systems of different nature; 3. use methods and algorithms of mathematical physics in professional activity, correctly and mathematically competently set the task; formulate and prove the main results of the sections of the discipline; solve standard boundaryvalue problems for the equation of oscillations of a string, wave equation, nuclear composition and types of interactions; 4. use the methods of the theory of equations of mathematical physics to determine the basic forms and patterns in a given subject area. 5. implement the formulation of problems and their numerical algorithmization. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: numerical methods for solving physical problems and their computer implementation; computeroriented methods for solving systems of equations; the use of computer programs to represent the final results of solving physical problems; methods for finding the roots of a nonlinear equation; halfdivision method; chord method; sources of error solving the problem on a computer; truncation, propagation, rounding errors; Gauss elimination method and selection of the main element; Gauss method; Monte Carlo method.

Experimental High Energy Physics
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to research the basic processes of interaction of the fundamental particles of matter. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. form the basic principles of setting up a modern experiment in highenergy physics; 2. determine the need to use certain methods of identification and detection of particles in highenergy physics; 3. use modern methods of calculations and estimates used in experiments for comparison with theory; 4. calculate the main parameters of the experiment and to compare the results obtained with the data from the world bases on highenergy physics; 5. plan experimental work in the field of elementary particle physics. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: modern accelerators; principles of basic particle acceleration; main scientific directions of modern elementary particle physics; basic principles of particle detection; particle identification methods; standard model; measuring the shape of the Zboson line and lepton asymmetries; quark model; confinement of colored quarks and gluons; heavy quarks: partial widths and asymmetries of b and cquarks; Weinberg angle sine measurement; Wboson mass and its measurements on power transmission lines, Tevatron and others; tquark discovery; comparison of predictions and tquark mass measurements; global data analysis and Higgs boson mass prediction, LHC experiments; prospects for future accelerators; solar neutrinos and the results of experiments measuring the neutrino flux from the sun; general assessment of the directions of development and prospects of various fields of highenergy physics.

Nuclear Reactions at Intermediate Energies
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to solve the Schrödinger equation for systems of colliding nuclei for research in the development and operation of physical facilities. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. describe the equations of motion (the Schrödinger equation) for systems of colliding particles with nuclei and nuclei with nuclei; 2. demonstrate the skills of collecting, analyzing and systematizing experimental and theoretical data on the angular distributions of nuclear reactions, correlations, polarizations, with reference to the received systematics to their own scientific results; 3. use as "the Schrodinger path"  the application of the optical model for obtaining the parameter of the nuclear potential, and the "Heisenberg path"  that is, the replacement of the concept of the wave function by the concept of the Smatrix; 4. apply the basic phenomenological approximations, both for the wave function and for the nuclear potential; 5. compare the main stages of the solution of the equation of motion, as the calculation of the eigenfunctions of the colliding microparticles and how to determine the eigenvalues of the Hamilton operator for such systems. Purpose of discipline. The discipline "Nuclear Reactions at Intermediate Energies" is aimed at the formation of representations, knowledge and skills in the field of nuclear reactions necessary for scientific research activities in the field of development and operation of physical and energy installations, calculations of the probabilities of slagging with various products of nuclear reactions. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: nucleonnucleon interaction; nucleon resonances; chiral theory of nucleon forces; onenucleon transfer reactions at intermediate energies; scattering of hadrons by pshell cores; chiral symmetry of QCD, its spontaneous breaking; meson exchange currents; diffraction interaction of hadrons with nuclei and multiple scattering.

Nuclear Reactions With Heavy Ions
 Type of control: [RK1+MT1+RK2+Exam] (100)
 Description: The purpose of the discipline is to form the ability to research the properties of nuclei at low energies, exotic states of nuclei and the synthesis of new elements. As a result of studying the discipline, the master student will be able to: 1. systematize the main types of reactions caused by heavy ions; 2. interpret the experimental data obtained on heavy ion accelerators; 3. differentiate the classical directions of research at energies up to 100 MeV / nucleon, and topical problems of ultrarelativistic nuclear physics; 4. conducting experiments, use modern detectors used in the study of heavy ion reactions; 5. evaluate the probabilities of the fission anf fussion of new isotopes for the use of accelerators of heavy ions. In studying the discipline, the following topics will be considered: nuclear interactions and general laws of nuclear reactions with heavy ions; elastic scattering of heavy ions; quasielastic scattering and reactions of fewnucleon transmissions; direct reaction reactions; fusion reactions of atomic nuclei and nuclear fragmentation in reactions with heavy ions; ultrarelativistic collisions of heavy ions; reactions involving radioactive nuclei.

Dissertation Writing
 Type of control: Защита НИР
 Description:

Scientific Internship
 Type of control: Защита НИР
 Description: The main purpose of "Scientific Internship": is the formation in the students of the ability to independently conduct research and development in the professional sphere using modern research methods and information and communication technologies on the basis of a foreign university. During the study of course, student should be competent in:  to substantiate the fundamentals of the methodology for performing scientific research, planning and organizing a scientific experiment, processing scientific data;  to argue methods of solving research and practical problems, including in interdisciplinary areas;  can analyze alternative solutions to research and practical problems and assess the potential benefits of implementing these options;  apply theoretical knowledge on methods of collecting, storing, processing and transmitting information using modern computer technologies;  choose the methods of presentation and methods of information transfer for different contingents of listeners.

Research Seminar I
 Type of control: Защита НИР
 Description: The main purpose of "Research Seminar": the formation of master students in the skills of scientific research work. During the study of course, master student's should be competent in: 1. is able to competently substantiate the main directions of scientific research on the topic of dissertational work; 2. formulate a research problem, put a scientific problem and choose appropriate research methods; 3. can apply theoretical and experimental research methods in professional activity; 4. analyze the results of scientific research at each stage of the dissertation preparation; 5. are able to evaluate and draw conclusions on the main provisions of their research activities.

Research Seminar II
 Type of control: Защита НИР
 Description: The main purpose of "Research Seminar": the formation of master students in the skills of scientific research work. During the study of course, master student's should be competent in: 1. is able to competently substantiate the main directions of scientific research on the topic of dissertational work; 2. formulate a research problem, put a scientific problem and choose appropriate research methods; 3. can apply theoretical and experimental research methods in professional activity; 4. analyze the results of scientific research at each stage of the dissertation preparation; 5. are able to evaluate and draw conclusions on the main provisions of their research activities.

Research practice
 Type of control: Защита практики
 Description: The main purpose of the discipline: the formation of pedagogical competence, the ability of pedagogical activity in universities and colleges based on the knowledge of the didactics of the higher school, the theory of education and management of education, analysis and selfassessment of teaching. During the study of course, master students should be competent in:  classify teaching methods based on criteria: traditionalistic  innovation; activity of cognitive activity; didactic goal and focus on results;  apply strategies and methods of training and education adequate to the goals;  develop research projects on topical issues of education and present the results in the form of presentations, articles, etc.;  describe different approaches to university management (university management  linear, structural, matrix): structure, quality, reputation;  evaluate and manage the processes of the organization of education, aimed at improving the structure, quality, reputation based on modern management approaches;  develop the provisions of the academic and research policy of the organization of education.

Teaching Internship
 Type of control: Защита практики
 Description: The purpose of teaching practice is to prepare for scientific and pedagogical activities in higher education, the acquisition and consolidation of practical skills for the implementation of the teaching and educational process in higher education, including the teaching of special disciplines, the organization of educational activities of students, scientific and methodological work on the subject.As a result of pedagogical practice, the undergraduate will have the skills of structuring and transforming scientific knowledge into educational material, oral and written presentation of the subject material, a variety of modern educational technologies, methods of drawing up tasks, exercises, etc.

Publication in the Proceedings of International Conferences
 Type of control: Защита НИР
 Description: The main purpose of "Publication in the Proceedings of International Conferences": is the formation of master candidates in the possibility of presenting the results of research work to the scientific community, receiving feedback, and exchanging experience in the field of professional activity. During the study of course, master student's should be competent in: 1. demonstrate current trends in scientific research; 2. to argue the annotated results of research in scientific journals, materials of international conferences and symposia; 3. they can apply new, scientifically grounded, theoretical or experimental results that allow solving a theoretical and applied problem; 4. analyze scientific results, the data of their colleagues and opponents in the sphere of the chosen professional activity; 5. generate ideas for the use of proposed developments in scientific research of the professional field of activity.