GENERAL LINGUISTICS SECTION
Directions of research work of chair of general linguistics in the fundamental, in fundamental-search and applied directions, reflected in dissertations, monographies, dictionaries, books, brochures, textbooks, manuals, articles, and also reports and messages on the International congresses, conferences and symposiums, can be summarized as follows:
The analysis and the description epistemical sciences about language: from the general methodology of a linguistic science and private methods of linguistic research to knowledge of laws of its differentiation; coexistence and interactions of sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive linguistics, contrastive linguistics, paralinguistics and other integrated linguistic disciplines. The analysis of various linguistic schools and the periods of development of a science about languages from positions of a historiography and synthesis of ideas, etc.
Linguistic source study and paleography. A databank of Turkic paleographic sources, studying of monuments of writing as sources of the information on history and culture of the people, about language development.
Solution of a problem of forms and levers on language from environment, motive forces and various impulses of its historical development and change. The analysis of concrete forms of existence of language in a human society, its territorial and social differentiation, language contacts and their results on macro- and microlinguistic levels. Studying of forms of existence of language in different spheres of its functioning, language stratification on various parameters, public, welfare both esthetic functions and properties of language in synchronic and diachronic aspects, in its indissoluble communications with society development, history and culture of the people which are in cultural, political, economic, historical and so forth interaction. Studying of communicative function of language in its numerous and diverse displays from positions of modern theories of language.
The synchronic and diachronic description of paradigmatic and syntagmatic units phonetic, phonologic, morphological, syntactic, etc. levels of system of language in their interrelation and interaction. Definition and the description of features of the internal structural organization of language and language units in their difficult mutual relation. The description of semantics and pragmatists of language. A solution of a problem of language variability and a problem of variability of units of language. Development of a linguistic source study.
Realization of contrastive descriptions of the Kazakh language in comparison to related and unrelated languages of Kazakhstan and studying of communicatively-pragmatical, ethnocultural, significant and methodically relevant similarities and distinctions between them. Theoretical researches of linguistic bases of construction of different strategy and technologies of training to the Kazakh language as native, to the second, foreign and others.
The analysis of language planning in Republic Kazakhstan and the description of languages of Kazakhstan in their functional variants. Working out of scientific principles of realization of language planning and building in an education sphere as parts of national system of cultural development in the conditions of an ethnic and language variety. The qualitative critical analysis of bilingualism and its types.
SECTION OF FOREIGN PHILOLOGY
The senior lecturer of chair of foreign philology and general linguistics c.p.s Mustafin G. K investigates testing problems as effective remedy of control of knowledge of the future teachers of English language.
Testing problems occupy recently one of leading places in scientific researches on pedagogics of different directions.
Research objective is the theoretical substantiation and practical realization of pedagogical testing in the course of training of students of a speciality: the teacher of English language, for an intensification of educational process and improvement of quality of preparation of the future teachers of English language.
Key and priority problem of modernization of the Kazakhstan formation is formation of improvement of quality. In this connection questions of learning efficiency with use of the scientifically-proved methods of an external and internal estimation of the competence of the trained are staticized. Hence, the new impulse has development of estimated methods in training system. Introduction and perfection of evaluated-estimated methods is connected with expansion of use of pedagogical testing in the country, not only at receipt in a higher educational institution, but also at delivery of uniform national testing graduates of high schools. At carrying out of the state certification of higher educational institutions, intermediate state control of students of 2 and 3 courses testing as evaluated-estimated means for definition of educational achievements of students in various subjects and various specialities also is used. The system of pedagogical testing is one of the basic components of national system of an estimation of quality of formation. Now it is possible to ascertain that testing has received wide recognition in our country and became the standard form both flowing, and total control.
For today conditions for purposeful use of test control in educational process are created. Results of testing allow to provide feedback in management of formation and to create conditions for personal development of students. Testing has many positive sides and is in direct conformity with spirit of the basic pedagogical and psychological ideas of the present and the tendencies observed in an intensification of educational process as a whole. Tests help to estimate objectively knowledge of students and to compare quality of training in various high schools. But, unfortunately, not all traditional tests can estimate results of pedagogical process properly.
It is necessary to have means of revealing of interests and abilities of students. It is necessary to be able to watch advancement of students to the purpose that if it is required, to undertake adequate correctional actions. Tests help students to define, what exactly they have learned, and how they differ from other students.